Animal health

Diseases that pets can pass on to humans

AngĂ©lica Oliveira de Almeida, a veterinarian specializing in Veterinary Acupuncture, comments that having an animal at home, in fact, offers several benefits to the person and the whole family. “People who have animals have a lower risk of having depression. In them happens greater release of substances like endorphin and dopamine, which reduce anxiety, “he says.

Angelica adds that people who have animals are more active because they need to take care of and walk with their animals. “They are also more sociable, and according to some surveys, they take fewer medicines and spend less time in hospitals,” he says.

The benefits for children are higher, says the veterinarian. “In addition to the benefits already mentioned, they develop responsibility, learn to respect animals and work with feelings of respect, self-esteem, joy, tolerance, etc.”

However, a fairly common question is: what are the most “appropriate” animals to be raised at home?

Angelica explains that dogs, cats, birds, rodents and even wild animals (authorized by IBAMA) can be raised at home. “But before you have to think about whether your house has the physical and family structure to receive that animal,” he says.

The veterinarian stresses that it is not recommended to have as a pet those who are not domesticated or wild without registration and of doubtful origin.

Giovana Mazzotti, a veterinary doctor and scientific director of ANCLIVEPA-DF, stresses that the choice of animal should be based on the owner’s lifestyle, his tastes and how much he can invest financially in the care that this animal will last throughout his life.

“I do not recommend, for example, a person who resides in an apartment and works all day to buy a Labrador dog. This animal needs a lot of human contact and physical activity, which this person can not provide. If it is really a ‘dream’ to have this animal, the person must have the financial conditions to contract the service of a ‘school / day care for dogs’, where this animal will have activities and contact with other animals and people in the absence period of the owner ” , explains Giovana.

All animals, from the hamster to the horse, Giovana points out, require veterinary care for life, food, health and hygiene, in addition to the owners’ time for care and social interaction. “The recommendation is that, before acquiring an animal, all who live in the house come together to make the choice. So consult a veterinarian for more detailed guidance as to whether this animal would be ideal or not, as well as the care that will be needed, “he says.

Giovana points out that many people do not know that they should seek the veterinarian BEFORE purchasing the animal (this service is the consultation prior to adoption). “This consultation, perhaps, is the most important of all, because it will guide the owner on the correct choice of the animal, avoiding frustration and abandonment. In addition, in this consultation the owner can plan to receive this new member of the family, “he explains.

Also, it is worth mentioning, it is the regular consultations with the veterinarian that will prevent the pet from catching any disease and transmitting it to its owners. Well, not everyone knows, but unfortunately, there are several zoonotic diseases (diseases that go from animals to humans). Below you know some of them and above all, it confers how simple it is to avoid them – protecting your pet and the health of your entire family.

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